Friday, 28 March 2014

Nature of Science

Nature of Science
Prepared by
M.Sc., M.Ed., JRF & NET
Lecturer in Physical Science, Arafa Institute for Teacher Education
Attur, Thrissur.

Science is a cumulative and endless series of empirical observations which result in the formation of concepts and theories, with both concepts and theories being subject to modification in the light of further empirical observations.  Science is both a body of knowledge and the process of acquiring it.

3 Fold nature of science

Science is a body of knowledge
Science is a way of investigating

Science is a way of thinking
(an attitude towards life)

Differentiate between science as a product and as a process ?

Product aspect
Process aspect
The product of science are the facts, concepts, principles, theories and laws.
The process consists of thinking, measuring, problem solving etc.
The product is a collection of knowledge stored in books or generated in the minds of scientists
The process represent the ways of gathering this knowledge or information
Product aspect is a noun
The process aspect is more a verb than a noun.
Product aspect represents the ‘end’ of scientific pursuits.
The process aspect represents the means towards the end.